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What is Spyware?

Spyware is software that infiltrates your mobile phone or computer, stealing your data and private information. Spyware is classified as malicious software that is created to damage your device, often without you even realizing it is happening.

A lot of spyware can even install foreign software that allows hackers to change your settings and passwords, that is why it is so important to always keep your device updated on a regular basis.

Spyware is one of the most common threats that can gain access to your computer or cell phone, it can be a massive threat to your business as well as yourself as an individual since it can steal private, personal data and cause harm to your network.

Here are the four main types of spyware that you need to lookout for…

Adware. This spyware will track your browser history and your downloads in order to display ads about services and products you are interested in. Adware can be annoying plus it can really slow down your devices.

Trojan. This type of spyware will pretend to be legitimate, trustworthy software, such as Java or Adobe Flash Player in order to access your private information such as your bank account information and your passwords.

Tracking Cookies. This type of spyware will track your activity online such as your Google searches, history and downloads. Similar to adware, tracking cookies will track your activities for marketing purposes.

System Monitors. This spyware can capture basically everything you do on your mobile phone or computer! It can record your emails, keystroke and even the specific websites you have visited in the past.

Here’s how to prevent spyware:

1. Do not open emails or attachments from unknown senders!

2. Do not download files from sources you cannot trust!

3. Do not click on pop-up ads!

4. Always use a reliable, trustworthy anti-virus program!

Have you been infected with spyware?

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Watch out for these 5 Common Social Media Scams

As humans, we’re basically wired to social media networks such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. And because of our obsession scammers are taking advantage and more and more people are falling for social media scams.

Here are the 5 most common social media scams to look out for.

1. Chain Letters. You’ve probably seen this one before. For example, retweet or like this and we’ll donate a million dollars to charity! The truth is both the post and the claim are obviously fake. Either a post like this is done by someone looking for a laugh or simply sharing it from someone else; otherwise, it could be a scammer trying to trick you into clicking a dangerous link.

2. Cash Grabbing. We use social media to stay in touch with friends, right? But how well do you really know half the people on your friend's list? Always think twice if you get a request from someone claiming they need cash for an emergency. Rather call your friend first to double check if it’s really them or a scammer.

3. Hidden Charges. Take this quiz to find out what kind of doughnut you are! This may sound tempting, but first, you have to enter your personal details such as your cell phone number. You’ve just signed away your private information, plus you’re now subscribed to a monthly cellular service. Always be on the lookout for these bait-and-switch games on social media.

4. Phishing. You receive an email about some new photos of you on Facebook, but first, you have to click on a link and log in. Scammers use fake emails as well as fake landing pages to steal your account information, your password and hack your account. This is called phishing and to avoid it NEVER click on links in an email and ensure your computer is updated with the latest internet security system.

5. Hidden URL. Before you just click on any shortened URL on Twitter, always think twice because it could lead to a dangerous site or install malware on your computer without your knowledge. Always be aware of scammers and be sure to install reliable anti-virus software on your computer.

Social media sites are bound to lure in scammers, so always be sure to take safety precautions beforehand and defend yourself from the dangers online.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Smishing Scams – Serious Fraud with a Silly Name!

Smishing attacks aim to gain access to your private information by using SMSs to target victims. Smishing is becoming an emerging threat that continues to grow over the years. Why? Because mobile banking is becoming more and more commonly used these days.

Here’s how smishing attacks work:

- You will receive an SMS that seems legitimately from a popular bank or organisation asking you to contact them on a number or click on a link.

- Once you contact them or click the link you will be asked to give out your personal information such as your account number, password or PIN.

- The scammers now have access to your accounts, etc. and can do with them what they wish.

In this day and age, people use their smartphones for basically everything, including online banking. There is a lot of private information at risk if your phone is exposed to a scammer.

Here’s how to identify a smishing scam:

- You are SMSed and asked to confirm your private details such as your bank account number, PIN or password. A legitimate bank will never ask for this over an SMS. The best thing to do is call your bank or the organisation directly to double-check the SMS is actually from them and the information is not fake.

- There is a sense of urgency such as if you do not confirm your account your bank account will be closed or you will receive an SMS with a link that you need to click on in order to make an urgent outstanding payment.

- The SMSs are usually from a strange, unknown, toll-free number and the grammar is usually bad or doesn’t make sense.

- Always remember that your bank will never ask for your private details over the phone!

It only takes one bad SMS to compromise your overall security! Use a little common sense and caution to ensure that you don’t become the next victim of smishing.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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What is an Online Shopping Scam?

An online shopping scam will usually include a scammer using a fake website or fake social media account/ store to trick you into buying something from them. The scam will usually also involve using fake adverts to try and lure victims in.

A scammer will try and use unbelievable deals and services such as shipping overnight and free delivery to trick victims into not thinking twice and just acting on instinct.

The goods that the scammer is offering are usually fake or you just never receive them. They will often ask you not to pay by card, but to use an EFT payment, gift card or cryptocurrency.

Not only that, but a scammer will try and trick you into giving out your personal information, such as your bank information, by asking you to fill in a form to finish the order or to sign-up.

Online shopping scams continue to increase every year, here’s how to spot and online shopping scam:

- You receive an email from an online store, but you cannot find any info about them such as their website and the link to the limited deal or offer looks fake.

- The deal is almost unbelievable and it is offered at an incredibly low price.

- There are other amazing services included such as free shipping and delivery overnight.

- The deal on offer always has a time limit.

- You are asked not to use your credit card to make the payment, but to rather pay using EFT, gift card or cryptocurrencies.

- If the online shop is on a social media network then there are almost no details or reviews that you can reference.

- You cannot find direct contact numbers on the website or no one responds to your enquiries.

- The online store website has noticeable spelling errors and does not look professional.

Always remember that if it looks too good to be true then it probably is!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

OsInt-Digital-Forensics-The-Computer-Guyz-Cellular-Forensics-Computer-Forensics-Fraud-Investigations-South-Africa-Blog-Image-4-Important-Ways-to-Get-the-Most-Out-of-Your-Security-Camera-System-CCTV

4 Important Ways to get the most out of your Security Camera System (CCTV

Having a modern surveillance camera system can help you when it comes to investigating break-ins, robberies and a range of different crimes, but how can you improve the odds even more?

To get the most out of your security camera system, your cameras should be placed where they can capture the best possible footage…

Place at eye level – A camera that is close to a ceiling will cover a wider area, but that isn’t the best angle when it comes to capturing footage of a suspect’s face, vehicle registration or any other important details.

Don’t aim towards lights – Lighting from a window, sunlight or a lamp, etc. can create silhouettes and shadows, this, in turn, makes it difficult to recognize a possible suspect or make out certain details of an object.

Avoid it being too far away – A camera that is placed too far away is not likely to capture a high-quality image of a suspects face, making it hard to identify someone.

Use multiple cameras – The more angles you have covered by cameras, the better your odds are of capturing a suspect’s face, a vehicle number plate or any other important details that can be used as evidence.

We hope you never need video evidence to investigate a crime, but these four important tips will improve your chances of investigators finding the evidence that they need!

With the help of an expert investigator from our OSINT (Open-Source Intelligence) department, you can find the evidence that you need.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Social Media Safety - Twitter

Whether you tweet once a day or constantly tweet updates throughout the day, you need to remember that if you’re using Twitter you need to be aware of the security and privacy risks.

Here are five important safety tips to remember when you’re using Twitter.

-- Never share personal information

It is best to keep all your private information such as your phone number, address and email address, out of your Twitter profile! Geotagging is an optional feature that is able to make your exact location public, it is also best to switch off this setting too.

-- Update your password

Hackers can easily gain access to your account if you have used a weak, easily guessable password. Use a strong password and change it every few weeks for maximum security. Make sure to include uppercase and lower case letters, numbers and special characters in your passwords every time.

-- Never click on suspicious links

Often hackers will try a phishing attack on you through your direct messages. You may receive a message saying something like “Click here to see a hilarious picture of you.” Use your common sense and DO NOT CLICK THE LINK!

-- Report and block spammers

Do not report anyone unless you suspect their account has been hacked. Reporting is serious and can get their account suspended or deleted, so think twice before you can to report someone just because you don’t agree with what they’re tweeting.

-- Get rid of 3rd party apps

Just like with Facebook, Twitter also has its fair share of spam applications that could cause you harm. Check through all your apps and if you don’t recognize an app or you don’t use it anymore – get rid of it!

How much do you know about staying safe on social media?

If you’d like to know more about Twitter safety as well as safety on other social media networks, be sure to contact us.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

OsInt-Digital-Forensics-The-Computer-Guyz-Cellular-Forensics-Computer-Forensics-Fraud-Investigations-South-Africa-Blog-Image-4-Scams-in-South-Africa-that-are-on-the-Rise

4 Scams in South Africa that are on the Rise

It is vital that you do not fall into an online scammers trap, especially recently as online scams have been on the rise in South Africa.

Here are the most common signs of these four popular online scams that you need to be aware of in order to not become the next victim.

Online Goods. Scammers love to target those who are selling valuables online. They may tell you that they want to meet and pick up the goods and pay via EFT. Either they will reverse the transfer once they have received the goods or they will send you fake proof of payment.

Always meet in a safe, public environment and rather accept payments in cash only.

Account Information. If you receive an email or SMS from your bank claiming that your account number or information has been changed, be very wary! A lot of people fall for this and end up paying a scammer for absolutely nothing, believing that it is a legitimate message from their bank.

If you receive messages like this, rather contact your bank to double-check that it is real.

Phone Blocking. Similar to other scams where you unknowingly give out your private information, a scammer will block your phone so you cannot see that they are withdrawing your money. This means you can’t take the correct steps to stop the scam because you do not realise it is happening.

Fake Loans. If you apply for a loan online be aware of fake companies. They are easy to spot because they will approve your loan, regardless of the amount you request, however, there will be an initiation fee to get the loan.

Do not ever pay a fee in order to receive a loan!

Have you been the victim of a scam?

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

/OsInt-Digital-Forensics-The-Computer-Guyz-Cellular-Forensics-Computer-Forensics-Fraud-Investigations-South-Africa-Blog-Image-5-Things-youll-find-in-the-Shadows-of-the-Internet

5 Things you’ll find in the Shadows of the Internet

The dark web and the deep web consists of many unsettling and disturbing content and activities, where you can find just about anything. The real question is, what are you going to find if you ever wander into the shadows of the internet?

DRUGS

This is an obvious one, people like to use the dark web to buy and sell drugs. Before sites like the infamous Silk Road, those who needed drugs would have to go to a bad, dangerous side of town and possibly get robbed or caught by the police. Now all you have to do is order them online from the comfort of your own home.

WEAPONS

Firearms are easily accessible on the dark web. Not only can you buy weapons that are illegal to sell online, but you can also buy weapons that are illegal everywhere! Such as a secret agent pen gun, explosives and even uranium.

ID DOCUMENTS

Many dark web vendors offer anything from fake drivers’ licenses to fake ID’s and passports. You may be thinking that these things are just used by high school kids to buy alcohol, but what they are used for is much worse!

YOU

Identity sales on the dark web go way beyond cards and medical information, they travel all the way to entire digital lives, with everything from social media and email accounts. There is truly a wealth of personal data for sale, and you probably wouldn’t even know your identity was being sold online.

HIT MEN

The people that offer murder for hire are almost always scam artists that will take your money and never actually kill anyone! An assassination marketplace that is trying to crowdfund the murders of important figures also seem to be a way to fool people out of their money.

You can find pretty much anything that’s considered illegal on the deep and dark web, it is unsettling to catch a glimpse of what lies in the shadows of the internet!

Want to know more about the deep web and the dark web?

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Social Media Safety – Facebook

With the rise of social media came the rise of private information becoming accessible to just about anyone who knows how to use the internet!

With the right safety precautions you can still enjoy Facebook and other social media networks, but always make sure to use these safety tips.

Make sure your password is secure

With all your personal information exposed on Facebook, it can be easy for someone to guess your password. A good password should have a mixture of upper and lower case letters, numbers and special characters.

Don’t friend people you don’t know

If you don’t know who they are why would you become friends with them? It may seem innocent, but cybercriminals often use fake profiles to send out spam and even steal your personal info.

Protect your location

While it may seem fun to share a photo of yourself and then add your location, it has some hidden risks. Potential criminals can easily see whether you are home or not, allowing them to take advantage and break in. Another danger you could face includes stalkers!

Change who can see your personal information

Have you listed your address and phone number on Facebook? It may seem handy to do so, but you don’t want everyone seeing this information. For maximum privacy, make sure to set these to be “me only” or choose who gets to see what.

NEVER overshare

The best way to be safe? Have some common sense! Be sure that what you’re posting online will not compromise your safety. Did you know that a deleted photo will remain on the Facebook servers for months after it is gone? It is harder to retract information, so simply do not share it in the first place!

It’s better to be safe than sorry, so go ahead and use these safety tips!

Need help with your social media security?

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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5 Easy Ways to Spot Fake News on Social Media

You cannot believe everything you read and see on social media!

Because so many of us think only official, 100% news is shared on Facebook and other social media networks, we need to educate ourselves and those around us to ultimately stop the spread of all this fake news.

So, here’s how to spot fake news on social media – and avoid it.

Amazing headlines

Fake news headlines are often written in capital letters with a lot of exclamation marks. If the headline sounds too good to be true, then it most probably is!

Investigate the source

Make sure the story you are reading is actually true by going to the source and checking the website to learn more.

Format

Read through the news carefully; lookout for spelling errors, bad layouts and grammar mistakes.

URL

Fake news websites often try and pretend to be other legit websites, but they change their URLs slightly – read the URL carefully before you visit the site and click on any links.

Don’t trust the photos

The images that appear with the fake news articles are often wrong and do not match the topic at all.

Be cautious and never, ever believe everything you read on Facebook or any other social media networks!

To learn more about fake news, social media scams and so much more, contact us now!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Social Media Safety - Instagram

Don’t be fooled, Instagram can be just as dangerous as Facebook! Even though this social media network is a favourite for those who love to share every detail of their lives through photos, making sure your account is secure is an important step to take.

Keep these five tips in mind and stay safe on Instagram…

-- Don’t add your phone number to your profile

In the private information section of your profile, keep in mind that less is always more! Even though your cell phone number is meant to be private, it can still be used to help you be “found” on Instagram, so it is best just to leave it out.

-- Avoid tagging your location

It may seem fun to snap a picture, upload it and tag your location, but remember that you are sharing this information with complete strangers. It’s not ideal that you post on Facebook that you are going away for a week, so it’s not ideal to tag all your Instagram posts.

-- Be careful of linked accounts

Linking your Instagram with your Facebook and Twitter means you can share your photos to a wider audience. However, you need to make sure that all your privacy settings are the same. You don’t want your boss seeing all your party snaps now do you?

-- Think about going private

On Instagram you have the option to make your whole account private, which means your photos and information is only available to you give access to. Keep in mind though that everything you post online is never truly private.

-- Don’t click on random links

In case this needs to be said, AGAIN, never click on random links. There may be a promise of a million Instagram followers, but no matter what social media network it is – don’t click it!

Just like any other social media network, Instagram has its dangers, so make sure you know these safety tips and avoid all the bad things online!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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What’s doable in an Audio Investigation?

Audio forensics and investigations are defined as the field of digital forensics that is related to the acquisition, analysis, and evaluation of sound recordings. The results of an audio investigation are usually presented as evidence in court cases, whether they come from a criminal investigation or part of an official inquiry.

We spoke to Sound Engineer, Kiana Schulla Pronk, to find out all there is to know about what is doable in an audio investigation.

I was born and raised in Cape Town, South Africa. After becoming involved in the music scene in my high school years, I attended City Varsity School of Media and Creative Arts in Cape Town (CBD) 2016 - 2017. I completed a 2-year Diploma in Sound Engineering and graduated in March of 2018.

This institution had the resources to train us and give us the tools to become an expert in the field that we study, to which I chose Sound Engineering. For 2 years, I studied full time and underwent training to become an Audio Engineer.

Within the two years of studying at this institution. We learned the basics of the broad spectrum, categorising it into a few sectors – all with sound-based, but different processes. Our different categories would differ between Live Sound (concerts), Film Audio Engineer, Mastering and Production, Composition and Post Production.

Where I felt my strengths were was in the post-production sector, analysing audio, as well as cleaning ‘noisy’ audio as well as the Sound Design sector.

I am proficient in DAW Systems such as Pro Tools, Cubase and Reason Rewire. Frequency hearing tests and analysing sound on various frequencies were part of my training.

Since the year 2018, I have been assisting various companies with audio analysis, identification, and comparison. Additionally, I have been doing my training with the company TCG Digital Forensics and educating myself with software systems such as Praat & Diamond Cut Forensics Audio Lab to assist in finding, analysing and recording evidence that is relevant to a case.

In analysing Audio with the above-mentioned software, we have the tools to:

Forensics Audio Authentication, Voice-Printing & Formant Analysis

File Transcription / Time Expansion / Speed and/or Pitch Change

Audio Restoration & Enhancement

Audio Editing & Voice Garbling / Voice Disguising

Audio & Acoustical Measurements

Audio File Format Conversions

Statistical Measurement Tools



Any piece of audio recording can be looked at and with the information on how the audio piece is recorded, can already give investigators hints/tip offs in disciplinary hearings or official court cases.

I am currently rendering services to:

Company Name: TCG Digital Forensics (Craig Pedersen)


Location: 32 Woodbridge Business park, 452 Koeberg Road, Milnerton, 7441

Tel: +27 21 110 0422 | Mobile: +27 79 691 0138

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Website: www.tcgforensics.co.za | www.osint.co.za

Company Name: TSU International – K&E Division (Adv Herman Bosman)


Location: 17 Main Road, Strand, 7140

Tel: +27 21 492 5951 / Mobile: +27 82 857 6096

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Website: www.tsuint.com

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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How a Holiday Scam works & how to spot one before it’s too late!

A holiday scam is a type of scam that will take advantage of potential travelers who are looking to go on holiday by tricking them with falsely advertised fake holiday packages.

Often, these fake holiday packages will include ideal accommodation or timeshare. It is easier than you think to fall for a holiday scam as the packages look legitimate as well as the websites they are advertised on.

How does a holiday scam work?

-- You will come across a website with an unbelievable holiday package. Alternatively, you could receive an email promoting an amazing holiday package.

-- The deal is only running for the next few hours, so you need to pay for the package on the fake website before the time runs out and you miss the deal.

-- You input your private details on the seemly genuine website, therefore giving away your card details.

-- The purchase goes through, but you never receive the holiday package that you paid for.

-- The cybercriminals now have access to your credit cards, etc. as well as any other private details you provided on the fake website.

How to spot a holiday scam:

-- Always remember that if it sounds too good to be true then it most probably is!

-- The deal is on a suspicious website that you’ve never heard before.

-- You are sent the holiday package via an unsolicited email that you do not recognise.

-- The URL of the website includes “http” and not “https”.

-- There is a sense of urgency, such as you only have a few hours left or there is only 1 package left.

-- You are encouraged to include all your personal and banking details on the website.

-- If you receive an email, there is a link or attachment you need to click on – never click on anything in an email that you do not recognise!

-- You are unable to contact anyone to confirm that the holiday package is legit.

Here’s what you can do - contact us immediately!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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8 Facebook Safety and Security Tips for Teens!

While most of us are used to using Facebook and social media networks, a lot of teens are just starting out and exploring the online work.

Unfortunately, there are many bad guys online, especially on social media platforms such as Facebook, who are there to take advantage of new or naïve members.

Use these safety and security tips and share them with your teen to ensure everyone has a safer experience.

Never register for Facebook if you’re under the age of 13. Some teens want an account when they’re only 11 or 12 – not even a teen yet! However, Facebook specifically forbids anyone younger than 13 from registering.

Avoid using your real first and middle name. Facebook does not allow fake names, but you can use your nickname as your first or middle name. This will keep online criminals and potential predators from obtaining more information about you.

Set strong privacy settings. Not just anyone should be able to see your profile as well as your content and photos. And while you may want to be a social butterfly, it is best to only make your details available to friends and family.

Do not post any contact information. Never use your personal email or cell phone number on your Facebook profile. Facebook spammers and hackers can use this private information to spam or torment you. The less you expose online, the better.

Never post your location. Criminals and predators use social media too! And they can use your location to track you down or figure out that you’re not home. Switch off your geotagging and save your holiday pictures to be posted when you’re at home.

Always report abusive posts and harassment. If you’ve ever felt threatened or someone is harassing you with unwanted messages or posts, report it by clicking “report abuse.” Should you feel that you are still getting harassed, feel free to contact our OSINT (open-source intelligence) department on 021 110 0422 | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and we will do what we can to assist you!

Create a strong password and keep it a secret. If your password is too simple and you use it for all your accounts it can be easy for cybercriminals to gain access to your account. Always make sure to choose a complex, unique password and always log out completely when you’re done!

Keep a lookout for scams. Not all people on Facebook are there to make friends and post fun pictures. A lot of Facebook apps are made by bad people to access your profile, opening you up to spam or worse. Always be cautious of Facebook scams, including scams on Facebook Marketplace.

Has your account been hacked? Report it to us immediately! Do not be embarrassed, it is vital that you report that you have been hacked or scammed on Facebook.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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9 Social Media Safety Tips for Women in a Digital World

As of late, an unfortunate number of women have become victims of horrifying crimes and because if this we need to know how to stay safe at all times, this includes staying safe when it comes to cyber-crimes.

Did you know that woman as young as 18 experience severe harassment online? Many have been stalked online as well as been the target of online sexual harassment. Because cyber-crime continues to grow and target women, it’s important to always be mindful of the dangers that lurk online.

1. Never share your password. It may sound pretty silly, I mean, who shares their passwords, right? You would be surprised! A lot of people share their passwords with their friends or partners and while they may not intentionally want to harm you, they may accidentally share it with others.

2. Never leave your webcam on. There are so many apps that have the capability to switch on your webcam, allowing just about anyone to record your movements without your knowledge. Always take extra precautions and disable your camera as well as cover it when you’re not using it.

3. Never share more than you need to. Always remember that criminals use social media too and even the best of people can do bad things. That is why you should never share your personal messages, photos, information or anything else that can come back to hurt you or put you in danger.

4. Never meet online friends alone. When you’re chatting to someone online, you have no idea of who they really are. They may send you photos and talk to you over the phone, but catfishing is a common scenario these days. If you are meeting someone always tell your friends and family where you are going and make sure to meet in a public area.

5. Never reveal more than you need to. As with number 3 mentioned above, it is vital that you always be extra careful when posting details about your whereabouts and lifestyle. There are so many sinister people out there using social media, so always disable your geotagging option.

6. Always update your OS. It can be irritating at times, but updating your operating system is vital when it comes to keeping you safe. Security updates and patches keep the threats at bay. Always install them no matter how busy you may be.

7. Always use an anti-virus software. Having a computer or phone without a security system is like sitting at home with all your doors wide open. All devices are at risk when it comes to malicious software. Always install a security system you can trust on all your devices!

8. Always read the fine print. Know and understand the terms of any service you are using. A lot of websites actually take your private information and sell it to other companies. In the end, it can come back as a much bigger problem.

9. Always block people you don’t want to interact with. Never feel like you should accept all the friend requests you get. Trust your gut and decline, ignore, unfriend of block! You get to choose who stays in your friend list, no one else.

When it comes to online safety, using your common sense is your first line of defence. If something feels off to you, go with your gut, you don’t have to explain yourself to anyone as long as you are safe!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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6 Sophisticated Online Scams that everyone is falling for

As the internet expands so do the online scams and how sophisticated they are becoming.

What online scams all have in common is that they prey on your fear, greed, and ignorance – here are some of the most sophisticated online scams on the internet that everyone seems to fall for.

Phishing – One of the most popular scams out there is email phishing. Victims of phishing scams will be tricked into giving out their passwords through legitimate emails and seemingly trustworthy businesses. According to a recent study, nearly 100 000 attempts of phishing are reported each month. Learn more about phishing scams here.

The Nigerian Prince Scam – One of the oldest online scams in the books is the Nigerian prince scam. You’ll receive an email from a Nigerian prince or investor offering you a chance of financial gain, the catch is you need to pay a small portion upfront or give out your private banking information.

Ticket Fraud – Victims of the ticket fraud scam will be tricked into buying fake tickets for popular sporting events, concerts , and other events. Often, the tickets will have forged barcode or be duplicates, while other times you’ll pay and never receive any tickets.

Celebrity Impersonators – Similar to phishing, online scammers sometimes like to pretend to be celebrities or influencers. The scam usually involves messaging victims and promising “gifts” if they click on a link.

Ransomware – Some of the worst scams involve ransomware. Hackers will install malware on your computer that blocks you from accessing your files, from there payment is demanded, often Bitcoin, in order for you to unblock your personal files.

GoFundMe Fakes – Another thriving online scam is using crowdfunding websites to take advantage of people’s generosity and can them into donating money for a fake fund.

Some of the most elaborate and sophisticated scams are doing the rounds on the internet right now, so always be on the lookout and use your common sense!

Want to know more about online scams?

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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What is Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking, sometimes known as white hat hacking is when a digital forensics expert or OSINT investigator attempts to penetrate a computer system, network or app on behalf of the owners – with their permission. Ethical hacking is usually done to find if there is any security vulnerabilities that a hacker or cybercriminal could use to exploit someone.

The purpose of ethical hacking is to test the security of the systems involved and identify if there are any vulnerabilities in the system as well as the network or infrastructure. Investigators involved will often attempt to exploit the vulnerabilities themselves to see whether malicious activities are possible.

Black hat hackers are the unethical counterpart of ethical hackers. Rather than take advantage, ethical hackers will use their skills to document if there are any weaknesses in the systems and give advice on how to fix them and then strengthen their overall security systems.

Here are some ways ethical hacking done by digital forensics experts involve in OSINT (Open Source Intelligence) can help businesses and organisations:

1. Finding Vulnerabilities: By using ethical hacking you can discover if the IT security measures are working properly as well as whether they need to be updated. A business can use the advice from ethical hackers and improve their overall security to stay safe from cyber-attacks, including online scams and fraud.

2. Demonstrate Cybercrime Methods: These demonstrations can help show users how malicious hackers will attach their systems and create disasters for businesses. Those who have an in-depth knowledge of this are better able to prevent it from happening again in the future.

3. Prepare for a Cyber-attack: The one way to destroy a business is a cyber-attack, especially small businesses, but businesses are still not prepared! Ethical hackers know how cybercriminals work so they can assist businesses and business owners with prepare for the future and better adapt to online threats.

Some say that hacking is hacking, but ethical hacking is done by professionals to assist businesses and organisations with their security systems and ensure they are effective and successful.

Is your security system up to par?

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Phishing, Smishing and Vishing!

Letting your guard down can lead to serious consequences, especially when it comes to fraud through your emails, SMS’s and even telephone calls.

Phishing, smishing, and vishing are some of the many ways that criminals may try to defraud you…

Here’s what you need to know about phishing, smishing, and vishing!

Phishing:V This is a scam that takes place through emails. A typical attack will occur when you receive an email that looks real, either appearing to be sent from your bank or other financial institution.

Most of the time the email will ask you to click on a link or update your private account information. Even though these emails may look legitimate, they are simply trying to scare you into clicking a link that will lead to a legitimate-looking website – but it isn’t! They will try and scare you into clicking links by saying, “your account has been blocked.” or “you need to install this new software to stay protected.” If you fall for this fake email, you will most likely have your private information, including your PIN stolen by fraudsters!

If you’re unsure of an email sent from your bank or financial institute, always give them a call first to double-check. Never click on links you are unsure of!

Smishing:V This scam is a lot like phishing, but scammers will use SMS messages instead of email. If you receive a smishing SMS you will be asked to click on a link where you will be redirected to a legitimate-looking website. You will then be asked to input your personal, private information, including your PIN, just as they would do in a phishing scam.

Just as with a phishing email, always contact your bank or financial institute first before clicking on anything or giving away any private information!

Vishing: This scam is similar to phishing and smishing, but it is done over a phone call! You will be called and tricked into giving out your personal information, including your private baking information as well as your PIN. Scammers will use a technique called “caller identity spoofing” where the calls will seem to be made from a real or known number.

Be aware that no bank or financial institute will ever request you to give out your private information or PIN over a telephone call. So just as you did for phishing and smishing, be sure to simply end the call and then call them back yourself on the number provided on their website.

Always be alert of these scams, they may look legitimate, but you need to use your common sense! If you’ve become a victim of phishing, smishing or vishing, be sure to contact us and we will do what we can to assist you!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Common Facebook Marketplace Scams to look out for!

Facebook Marketplace is kind of like Craigslist, where it offers a place for people to search for goods to buy from people in their local community as well as sell items in their community. All you have to do to use Facebook Marketplace is have a Facebook profile and selling something is as easy as taking a photo, setting the price, posting and then selling! Buying the items are just as easy!

However, Marketplace comes with a range of annoying scams, including fake items, catfishing and even hacking.

Because of the downside to Facebook Marketplace, you need to always be on the lookout for these common Facebook Marketplace scam scenarios…

- Someone will be selling authentic items at a very low price, but it turns out they’ve sold you a counterfeit.

- There are a range of dating scams (catfishing) that include someone using a fake photo to lure the desperate in.

- A family members Facebook may be hacked and a user will receive a plea from them for money.

- You’ve won! You may get a notification that you’ve won a whole lot of money, but first, you have to fill in your personal information.

- Someone is selling something but requests that you have to pay for the item first before they mail it or give it to you.

Use your common sense. If the deal is too good to be true, then it probably is! Always be on the lookout and do not be the next victim of a scam!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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How can a Digital Device be involved in a Cyber Crime?

In this day and age, it is so easy for criminals to use a digital device to carry out a traditional crime.

A traditional crime such as blackmail which, back in the day, would usually be done using newspaper cuttings collaged together to create a ransom note is now being done in a completely different way using the power of digital devices as well as the internet.

These days, it is so much easier for criminals to just use a computer to carry out a range of crimes such as, blackmail, identity theft, social media scams, ticket scams, dating bots, data theft and so much more.

Some examples of other traditional crimes where a digital device can be used include instant messaging, which is often used to commit harassment. Criminals also continue to pose as your bank where they will SMS you and try to scam you into paying fake accounts, etc.

Email is also used by cybercriminals on a regular basis to commit fraud by using phishing scams. It seems that the list is endless and so is the workload of digital forensics investigators as well as those dealing with Open Source Intelligence! Want to know more about our digital forensics and OSINT services? Please contact us on 021 110 0422, email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

In the TCG Digital Forensics and OSINT department, we combine the experience of seasoned investigators with the latest technologies to achieve the results that you require. Contact us today!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Never, ever post these 4 things on Facebook!

With everyone being on multiple social media networks these days, privacy is a very rare thing. Because of this, social media networks are an easy way for scammers and bots to potentially pose a threat to users!

However, there are certain actions that YOU are doing that can make things so much worse!

To keep yourself safe and secure, use your common sense and always be sure to never, ever post these 4 things on your Facebook network or any other social media account.

- Home address or work address

This should be an obvious one, but “Checking in” or adding your location to an image or post can also give away where you are. So, be careful when you’re adding geotags on your Instagram posts, because some creep might be trying to find out where you live or work.

- Certain photos of children

You should always be extra, extra careful when it comes to posting photos of children on social media. Always steer clear of uploading compromising images, like ones of other people’s kids, where they go to school, nude photos and anything your child might not want public.

- Holiday Information

Posting on Facebook or other social media networks that you’re going to be away from your home is an invitation for burglars to break-in. This doesn’t mean you can never post any holiday photos, it just means you should only share them with a close group of friends or when you get back home from your holiday.

- Private details

Please say you’re not one of those people silly enough to post an image of their bank card or credit card on social media? Hopefully not! But, you might accidentally give away details through social media conversations, such as what bank you use and what your income range is.

If you’re using social media networks, it is up to you to use your brain and think before you post on Facebook or any other social media platform!

Want to know more about social media safety and social media investigations? Contact us on 021 110 0422 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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All you need to know about Preserving Digital Evidence for Civil Litigation

Imagine this common scenario, someone leaves a company after many years and starts working for a competitor business in the same business park. It is suspected that the employee may have taken private company info with them, such as client, supplier and pricing lists.

No matter what company information it might be, when it is suspected that the employee may have stolen digital assets then it is vital that the company takes the right steps to ensure the evidence is protected and preserved, especially if it is needed in a possible civil litigation.

For example, at our OSINT (Open-Source Intelligence) department we receive a call from a client stating that they suspect their former employee took important propriety information with them when they left. They still have the former employee’s computer in the office, here’s what we’ll do next…

First, we’ll tell the client to immediately isolate the computer in question. If the computer is turned off, then it needs to be left off for the moment. The computer should be kept in a secure location to ensure that it stays off, however, if it is already switched on then we’ll advise that it is disconnected from the network.

Do not touch the computer or interact unless you’re a digital forensics examiner or investigator.

Many people do not realise that switching the computer on can affect hundreds of files and a lot of the data that is still on the computer.

It is vital to call our OSINT or Digital Forensics department as soon as humanly possible! Contact us on 021 110 0422 email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Alternatively, you can learn more about our services from www.osint.co.za or www.tcgforensics.co.za

Our investigators are professional and trained plus we have all the correct, specialised hardware and software tools to allow us to capture forensically-sound copies of the hard drive and all the data on the computer in question, which is vital when it comes to civil litigation.

Please feel free to contact us about our open-source intelligence and digital forensics services!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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3 Important Ways to use Social Media Evidence for Insurance Fraud Investigations

Every year insurance fraud is committed, resulting in millions being lost, however, investigators who use social media to find important evidence are bringing down the numbers.

At OSINT, our investigators use social media evidence to provide information against fraudsters. To find out more about our Open-Source Intelligence services please contact 021 110 0422 | email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or visit www.osint.co.za

Here’s how OSINT investigators gather the evidence from social media networks:

1. Look out for inconsistent information. Is the person in question presenting on a story, but living another? Some people are unaware of what important information they are giving away on social media. For example, someone claims to have broken their arm at work, however their friend posts on their timeline or comments, “See you later at the pool,” or “Can’t wait to go bike riding this weekend!” This makes it obvious that some things are not what they seem.

2. Search for confessions. Some people slip up, while others think it is a good idea to brag about their fraudulent behaviour on social media! At OSINT, we search through their social media posts to see if we can spot any posts of them bragging about their crimes. Read a few interesting worker’s compensation fraud examples here.

3. Check friends’ accounts. It is important not to miss any leads, so it’s best to always dig as deep as you possibly can! People that commit fraud may create fake accounts or alternative pages to brag about their crimes. A suspect may also appear on a friend or family member’s account, so it’s always best to check their social media pages too.

Social media networks continue to grow, providing a large amount of information that people might not know about. When it comes to social media investigations it is best to hire a professional to do the work for you. If you’d like to know more about fraud investigations or social media investigations, give OSINT a call on 021 110 0422 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Alternatively, you can visit www.osint.co.za

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Staying Safe on Twitter

Twitter is one of the original giants among social media networks and because it is so handy and easy to use it is a great way to communicate with your friends or associates.

While Twitter is a great social media network, it is also a way for scammers and bots to potentially pose a threat to users, including teens and young kids. When it comes to staying safe on Twitter, parents need to make sure their children are as safe as possible.

1. Always be smart with your passwords – Your password should always be at least 12 characters with a mix of letters, numbers and special characters. It is also important not to use the same password for all your accounts.

2. Configure privacy settings – Everything you post on Twitter will pop up when it is searched for, so it is best to enable “Protect My Tweets” so your posts stay invisible to search queries.

3. Never share personal info – There are many people lurking on social media, predators, hackers and those looking for a quick con victim. That’s why it is vital to protect your private info such as your location, private photos and videos.

4. Be wise about tweets – A harmless tweet can cause a lot of damage even if it seems innocent, so parents need to help children understand as well as themselves that it is important to think before tweeting.

5. Don’t befriend just anyone – Social media networks are a haven for creeps looking to manipulate innocent people. Be sure to only follow and communicate with people you know!

6. Be cautious about links – Tweets can contain links to images, videos and other content, but the source of the links can be hard to identify, so they could possibly lead to malware, phishing scams, etc. be extra cautious around links.

7. Install an anti-virus software – Download a trustworthy, reliable anti-virus software to ensure that all devices are protected against possible threats from Twitter as well as other sources. For assistance with a reliable anti-virus program please contact The ComputerGuyz on 021 110 0422 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Just like the web, there is both a light and dark side to all social media networks, there are many scam artists, bots and criminals waiting to make you their next victim, so be sure to communicate with your friends and family as well as your children to ensure they are always kept safe!

Keep in mind that the fact that you found a bot means you’ve taken away its power to deceive you. Simply mute the bot account or block it and keep going about your business!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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How to Spot a Bot – Here’s how to know if you’re arguing with a bot!

We basically live and breathe online, but could your digital communications on social media not be as authentic as you think?

This is a result of… bots!

This automated plague has taken over just about every social media platform you know and love and they aren’t going anywhere any time soon, however, it is possible to fight back!

The best way to beat a bot isn’t to have a silly argument with them, it’s to simply see them for what they really are, automated fantasies designed to trick you as well as other users into giving out your details and much more.

Here’s how to spot a bot…

Did you know that recent research shows that Twitter alone has over 30 million bots! But, of course, there are bots across all social media networks including Facebook and Instagram.

Most bots are there to rile users up to support a cause or sign up for something for an unbelievable low price such as medical aid; some have purposes that aren’t really clear. Anyway, you need to be able to spot the signs that it’s a bot and sometimes it isn’t so easy.

First of all your need to check the user’s Facebook profile, Twitter bio, etc. does it seem like it belongs to an actual, living person? Does it have a real profile image and not a stock image or abstract silhouette? Reverse search their profile pic on Google and the results will tell you all you need to know.

Next you need to check their history. On Facebook do they have only a few recent posts that all happened in a short amount of time? Do they post family pictures or just share other user’s posts? If you’re checking on Twitter be sure to check if they have obtained a large following in a small amount of and if they constantly retweeting and promoting.

Don’t have the time to dig through everything on social media? Try using a bot-checking tool or give OSINT a call on 021 110 0422 | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and we will spot that bot in no time!

So you’ve found a bot, you should be proud of yourself! But what happens next?

Not everyone knows about bots or has the time to investigate every account online. That is why it is so important to spread the word and educate others about bots. This means it’s a good idea to always report a bot if you find one, whether you’re on Twitter or Facebook or Instagram.

Keep in mind that the fact that you found a bot means you’ve taken away its power to deceive you. Simply mute the bot account or block it and keep going about your business!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Using OSINT to Detect and Prevent Online Fraud!

These days most of our purchases these days are being made online. You can buy everything online from clothing, a new car, groceries and so much more.

Unfortunately, because of this, there is a rise in the amount of online fraud occurring. Find out about our OSINT services and how you can be safe and secure online.

Did you know that it is estimated that 2% of the world’s total current output comes from illegal activity online?

It’s time to fight fraud with open-source intelligence!

Every business or organization knows that it is vital to prevent fraud in order to keep your company healthy and successful.

However, most only think it is necessary to monitor the internal data, but this is only a small fraction of the amount of information available online. In order for you and your business to fight against online fraud, it is important to consider OSINT services.

The primary factor of using our OSINT services is to discover important data that a regular person cannot find on an ordinary search on Google. Why? Because most illegal online activities happen on the deep or dark web.

Are you ready to fight online fraud? Please contact us today if you’d like to find out more or schedule a meeting!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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What is Due Diligence and why does it matter?

Due diligence is the process of verifying, investigating or auditing a potential deal or investment to confirm the facts as well as the financial information. Due diligence needs to be completed to assure the buyer of the risks involved as well as what they’ll be getting.

Due diligence is so important because it is important in making the right decisions by enhancing the information that is available to the people who are making the decisions.

Due diligence allows the buyer to feel comfortable when it comes to their expectations about the transactions. If you’re interested in buying a business then it’s best to ensure proper due diligence is performed. Please contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for more details on the due diligence process or take a look at our OSINT (Open-Source Intelligence) website here www.osint.co.za.

Reasons for Due Diligence...

Common due diligence reviews with mainly focus on legal, financial and tax, but due diligence can look at so much more than this including:

- Commercial / operational

- Customer

- Human resources

- IT

- Seller due diligence


Due diligence matters because it can help you as well as companies as a whole to understand the nature of certain deals and the risks involved. Overall due diligence is like doing your homework!

If you’d like to discuss our due diligence processes or learn more about our services which include digital forensics as well as open-source intelligence please contact us on 021 110 0422 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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5 Ways to Identify a Fake Facebook Profile

Did you know that it is estimated that more than 10% of Facebook’s accounts are fake?

Facebook has obviously gone about trying different strategies to identify fake profiles, but it shouldn’t just be a concern for them, it should be a concern for you as a Facebook user too!

If you study a Facebook profile carefully enough, you’ll be able to see whether it is fake or genuine.

Here are 5 ways to identify fake Facebook profiles:

#1 Profile Picture

The first thing you notice about a Facebook profile is their profile picture, you should be wary if their picture is… - Just a single profile picture with no other images. - Profile pictures of celebrities - There is no profile picture - The profile picture is a stock photo or photo of a model

#2 About Section

Genuine Facebook users will fill in all their information and accomplishments in detail such as their high school, current employment, relationship status, etc. A fake Facebook profile will usually have little to nothing on their About section.

#3 Friends

Take a look at their friends' list; do you see a lot of recent friends as well as foreign friends? If so it is probably a fake Facebook profile as a genuine person would prefer to connect with local friends not just random foreign users.

#4 URL

A lot of fake Facebook profiles will have a completely different name in their URL when you visit their profile then compared to the name on their profile. So either it is someone’s profile that has been hacked or it is a fake Facebook profile.

#5 Timeline

When you read their timeline posts is it full of links from the same website as well as promotional ads? This is a clear sign that the Facebook profile is fake. A genuine Facebook user will post a range of different things including photos, jokes, videos, etc.

Facebook is full of fake accounts created for spamming, tagging people in ads, tricking you into giving them money, etc. Know how to identify a fake Facebook account to avoid becoming a possible victim!

Have you been duped by a fake Facebook account or user? Please contact us immediately!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Is it Real? 4 Ways to Identify a Fake Degree Certificate

It is shocking to discover how many fake degrees are actually out there and they are becoming a massive global problem! Buying a fake degree certificate is only a small part of the problem; those who already have degrees are also faking their academic transcripts and adding or altering their qualifications on their CVs.

Fake credentials such as fake degree certificates are a growing issue in South Africa. Just a year or two ago the country had a large increase in the number or fraudulent qualifications reported and those were just the fake credentials reported, the real number is probably through the roof.

As a business or university, it can be worrying, who amongst your employees was actually telling the truth about their qualifications?

Here’s how you can identify if it is a fake degree certificate...

DESIGN

Always inspect the design of the degree and be aware that a genuine certificate will be embossed with a watermark visible under a light. The signature should also not be printed but written in ink without any silly spelling mistakes.

LANGUAGE

The language and grammar on a degree certificate should always be studied thoroughly. There should be no spelling errors or incorrect order of words such as “Cape Town University” instead of “The University of Cape Town.”

LOCATION

Always double check the location of the university to confirm that it is a genuine institute. By using Google maps you’ll be able to locate the address provided and spot any fake universities.

TRUST THE PROFESSIONALS

By simply following the steps provided you’ll be saving yourself a lot of hassles in the long run.

Should you need some assistance please do not hesitate to contact our OSINT department about our Due Diligence processes on 021 110 0422 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Alternatively, you can email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. for more details on how our pre-employment due diligence can help YOU get the right candidate!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Twitter Scams: Here’s how to spot them!

Twitter is a social media network that is a great way to stay in touch with what is happening in the world. You can take a look into celebrity lives, connect with your local business and communicate with friends.

However, not everyone that uses Twitter is there to use it in a positive way, many users are on Twitter to try and scam you.

So how can you spot a Twitter scam?

At the moment Twitter scams seem to be targeting the financial world because almost all users like to stay involved with their bank online.

For the common user, these scams can be quite hard to spot.

So firstly, a Twitter user may need help logging onto their account or they simply have a general question. A scammer will join in the legitimate conversation and steer it towards them. How do they do this so easily? The answer is that they use a fake profile they have created.

These fake profiles can easily trick users because they are so hard to spot! Spend a few minutes studying the profile and you will see that it is a fake and once you do you will keep yourself and your PC safe.

These fake Twitter accounts can mimic almost anyone like celebrities, actual business and even people you think you know. This scam is not only happening on Twitter but many other social media networks, including Facebook.

So how do you spot a fake and protect yourself?

It can be difficult at first, but one of the first things you should look at is their Twitter handle. Each and every reputable account that is held by a big name or company will be verified, that means they’ll have a blue verified badge to show that their Twitter account is real and can be trusted.

Scammers will create fake profile handles that have slight differences that cannot be easily seen like an extra letter, etc.

Another important thing to look out for is what they are asking you? When it comes down to your bank, they will not discuss your private information in public, so if they’re asking you to click on a link to verify your info, always be wary!

If you are in doubt, don’t do it! Do not click on any old link or give out information to just anyone. Rather call your bank yourself and let them assist you over the phone.

At the OSINT division we are here to help you. If you feel you’ve been the victim of a Twitter scam or you’d simply like to know more, please contact us on 021 110 0422 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Are you Flirting with a Dating Bot?

Guess what, dating bots are a real thing and falling for one is easier than you think.

Online dating is supposed to be fun and convenient, you get to chat with new, fascinating people that could potentially turn into love interests plus it takes away that first-date awkwardness.

But it’s never that simple.

Dating online has many pitfalls including dating bots that clog almost all the online dating sites you use. Did you know that almost 60% of traffic online is generated by bots? This includes dating websites and social media sites.

Online dating bots are specifically designed to chat with you and trick you into paying membership fees on dating websites; they can even trick you into giving out your private information such as your banking details. Here’s how to recognize a dating bot:

- Their profile picture is a professional glamour shot.

- They profess their undying love for you a day or two after chatting.

- They make promises to meet you in person, but something always comes up.

- They ask you for money for things such as emergency medical bills, travel expenses, etc.

It is important that you know that there is a difference between dating bots and malicious scammers. A scammer is a cybercriminal who wants to steal your money and possibly your personal information, but a dating bot is an automated computer script.

Are you flirting with a dating bot? Here are some signs to look out for:

- They have automated scripts so they will respond to your messages really fast.

- They don’t respond directly to you if you ask a specific question instead, they’ll respond with a series of lines.

- They don’t have mutual friends or interests.

- They immediately encourage you to visit a specific site or share your personal information with them.

Despite all the negatives about online dating, in this day and age online dating is a great way to meet new people and possibly find your perfect companion.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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What are Online Ticket Scams?

Online ticket scammers usually target various, popular events or destinations to try and take advantage or all the people who are desperately rushing and searching for tickets for buy.

Fake tickets for various events include:

- Concerts

- Conferences

- Plays

- Sporting events

- Live performances

- Shows

- Flight or train tickets

- Other special events


In general, all the tickets that these scammers sell are completely fake. Other times the tickets don’t exist, to begin with, so you pay but never receive anything.

Since 2015 online ticket scams have been increasing and occurring more often. Scammers have been having a field day because of all the popular shows and events that are happening these days.

Here are some tell-tale signs to lookout for:

- The prices are much higher than the regular ticket price OR the prices are suspiciously low.

- Before you buy tickets from a website, always check the contact details to make sure it’s legitimate.

- If the website URL doesn’t include “https” you’re most likely dealing with a scammer.

- If the seller requests a very specific payment for the ticket such as cash, a gift card or cryptocurrency, it’s most likely a scam.

- If they’re selling the tickets on social media, the language is stilted and it seems English isn’t their first language.

- Their social media profile includes no details, all their posts were made a couple of days ago and their friends were all recently added.

And obviously, if it feels like it is too good to be true then it probably is!

If you paid for fake tickets, contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. And we will do everything we can to assist you in getting your money back and catching the scammers!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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How to spot a Social Media Scam

Social media has made it possible for people to interact with each other from all over the world – everyone knows what everyone else is doing, where they’re going on vacation, when they got married, etc.

However, social media networks have also made it possible for more users to become victims of scams. Over the last few years, social media scams have basically quadrupled with fake accounts popping up everywhere.

Don’t become the next victim of a scam – here’s how to spot, prevent and deal with social media scams:

- There is an ad or poster offering an amazing deal or job that sounds too good to be true.

- A job, prize or loan application asks you to pay upfront beforehand.

- A popular company uses a Yahoo or Gmail email account to contact you.

- You are urged to act immediately!

- They ask you to share your private information.

- You get a friend request from a “friend” but they ask you random questions or for money.

How to prevent social media scams from happening:

- Preventing social media scams is easy; all you have to do is use your common sense!

- Always think before you click on something.

- If it sounds dodgy or overly intrusive, ignore it.

- Never share your personal information on social media sites.

- Be wary when it comes to loan scams – here are the red flags to look out for.

- Never agree to pay for something upfront without being certain that it’s legitimate.

- Go through your social media privacy settings on a regular basis to ensure they haven’t changed.

- Never post any personal information about yourself that can be stolen and used to steal your identity.

If you’re a victim, here’s what to do:

- Shut down your computer and use a different device to change all your passwords immediately.

- Put out a fraud alert on your credit to stop any loans or lines of credit the scammer may try to take out.

- Call our OSINT division for professional assistance: 021 110 0422 | This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

- Tell your friends so that they know about the scam and can avoid it if it pops up on their social media feeds.

Do not let the social media scammers bait and hook you – always be safe online!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Use Facebook more safely with these 5 Security Tips

Facebook is an awesome way to stay in touch with your friends and family members, however, you need to remember to always be careful about the private information your reveal because it might end up in the wrong hands!

These days a range of financial scams can be used to try and steal your money, one of them is cybercriminals making fake Facebook profiles and sending friend requests in order to gain your personal information.

This is why it is vital to be careful when you are using Facebook as well as any other social media network.

Here are 5 important Facebook security tips:

1. Always verify all Facebook contacts. Make sure that you are actually talking to the person you think you’re talking to and not a criminal trying to gain your personal information or money.

2. Protect your financial information. Never tell anyone about your private banking details such as your bank account details, credit card numbers and passwords or any other financial data on Facebook.

3. Be suspicious of strangers. Never add or accept any friend requests from people that you do not know.

4. Keep your password a secret. Always take extra care about the password you choose as it is one of the most vital parts of your Facebook security.

- Use a complicated password that is at least 12 characters and consists of upper and lower case letters, a number and special symbol. - Remember to change your password on a regular basis. - Never use the same passwords for all your accounts.

5. Secure all your devices. Make sure to install anti-malware software on your computer, laptop, smartphone, tablet – whatever devices you use – to ensure that everything is protected from viruses as well as any other threats.

Need assistance with your Facebook security? Have you been the victim on Facebook?

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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The Threats and Dangers on the Dark Web

The internet is an endless place with millions of websites, databases and servers. The visible sites that can be found when you Google something are just the tip of the iceberg.

Below the surface is the deep web and the dark web. It was once only available to hackers, criminals and law enforcement, but now because of new technologies it is possible for just about anyone to access the dark web!

Did you know – The deep and dark web is so large that it accounts for 90% of all websites!

Those who wish to access the dark web or the deep web need to use Tor, a browser software like Google, but the difference is Tor uses “nodes”, a random path of encrypted servers to connect users to the dark web without their tracks being followed.

Websites on the dark web also use the Tor software to remain unnamed so you won’t be able to find out who has created them, who is running them or who is hosting them.

Many people actually use Tor as a regular browser to search the surface web as well as the dark web. Why? Because they refer their search history to remain hidden from the government and their internet service providers.

But using Tor comes with a negative side as cyber criminals and hackers also prefer to use it.

For some people the deep web and the dark web is convenient when it comes to finding series and movies that may not be available in their areas yet, while others go a bit deeper to download music and movies that aren’t even in cinemas yet. However at the deep, dark end of the internet you’ll find some scary and strange things.

Things like credit card data, fake identity documents, passports and even professional hitman services are available on the dark web. Illegal substances are one of the most popular items to buy on the dark web – learn more about the drug marketplace, in a previous article "The Silk Road".

Thanks to a range of tools such as encryption and anonymization, there is little to no law enforcement down in the deep and dark web. This means that many materials such as “adult” content that will give you nightmares can be found there.

If you do choose to go deep into the dark web always make sure to restrict access to your device so that children do not have the ability to accidentally stumble across it. Should you visit the dark web or the deep web, always remember to be careful and tread lightly, you never know what you might find down there!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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How CCTV Footage can assist in Crime Investigations, Evidence & Prevention

You may not be someone who takes risks. You may be someone who follows all the rules, you pay your bills on time, you always wear your seatbelt and you even put on sunblock when it’s a cloudy day.

CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) surveillance cameras can be used as a useful tool when it comes to fighting crime, finding valuable evidence that can be used in court and ensuring the streets are kept safe.

The very presence of a CCTV camera can sometimes scare criminals away and prevent the crimes from happening in the first place

Investigators such as police investigators and digital forensics investigators use CCTV footage from cameras in many investigations, often to find licence plate numbers and identify criminals.

In movies and series, all their CCTV video evidence is conveniently shot in HD, with perfect lighting and no blurriness whatsoever. Unfortunately this doesn’t happen in real life. OSINT and digital forensics investigators use specialised forensic software to reveal details in videos that you thought were lost forever, resulting in an almost perfectly clear video that you can use to identify someone or something!

There are many ways that CCTV surveillance cameras can help crimes, here’s how:

- CCTV cameras can be used to monitor your home or business while you are away.

- The CCTV footage can be cleaned up by professionals (www.osint.co.za) and used to identify suspects, witness and vehicles.

- Digital forensics investigators can use the footage to find important clues as well as identify the behaviour of the suspect.

- Footage can be used to create a timeline of events before and after the incident or crime took place.

- CCTV camera footage can be used to determine measurements and dimensions of objects involved in crimes.

- Footage can also be utilized to determine where the exit and entry points are of the scene of the crime.

- In abduction cases, the CCTV footage will be useful in tracking down the suspects and possibly saving someone’s life.

- Video footage can be used to prove or disprove allegations against someone.

- Sometimes if the footage is used as evidence of a crime it could result in a guilty plea from the suspect.

Many people and businesses in South Africa and around the world are installing CCTV camera systems as part of an effort to protect themselves against crimes as well as prevent it from happening.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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10 silly things you do online that are putting you in danger!

You may not be someone who takes risks. You may be someone who follows all the rules, you pay your bills on time, you always wear your seatbelt and you even put on sunblock when it’s a cloudy day.

But do you follow all the rules when you’re online? Are you exposing yourself and your money to the dangers that lurk on the internet? Here are 10 silly things that you might be doing that put you at risk!

1. You just assume that online banking websites are safe. Cybercriminals will go where your money goes, so going to a fake banking site and not noticing before you put in your private login details and password can easily lead to cyber theft.

2. You’re doing your online shopping in shady places. You see a great deal online, but you need to be cautious before you visit just any online shop and click “Add to Cart.” Always enter the URL directly and make sure the site is reliable and well-known.

3. You use the same password for everything. If you’re not taking the time to think of unique, different passwords for all your accounts then cybercriminals will have no trouble stealing your money. Each one of your passwords should be a minimum of 12 characters and include upper class and lower class letters, at least one number and a special character.

4. You don’t know who your friends are. – A lot of people know about Microsoft Office booby traps, but not much about PDF files. Cybercriminals are fond of concealing malware in PDF files because it can be used to create and run JavaScript files as well as phishing links in the documents.

5. You never question anything. You should always be on alert when you go online and question how legit the websites are when you visit them, you could potentially lose money and private data. Never click on ads and links from suspicious emails or SMS messages.

6. You’re being too open. You might just think it’s a Facebook post, but when you include personal details such as your address, school, place of work or family history then you’re giving cybercriminals clues to gain your passwords.

7. You never bother to read the fine print. Nobody enjoys reading the Terms and Conditions that is why online businesses know they can take advantage and sneak some things past you. Do not accept the Ts and Cs without reading them or you could be giving away your online privacy.

8. You do your shopping and banking using public Wi-Fi. Cybercriminals love to use public Wi-Fi hotspots to trick you into connecting to a malicious network. Always be wary of public Wi-Fi links and make sure your network is completely secure – your best bet is to just use your data connection for important transactions!

9. You jailbreak your mobile devices. By jailbreaking your device you are doing more than adding features, you are taking away vital protections and inviting cybercriminals to hack your smartphone or tablet. Avoid jailbreaks, third party download sites and suspicious apps.

10. You don’t know what your kids are doing online. If you have children you should always know what websites they are visiting as well as what social media networks they are using. The internet is going to be a part of their life whether you like it or not, so help them learn about cyberbullying and online etiquette.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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The Top 4 Malicious File Attachments to look out for

Billions of messages are sent out every day by spammers, most of it is annoying advertising and harmless in general, but every now and again there is a dangerous file attachment in one of the messages!

To trick you into opening the attachment, most spammers will pretend it is something useful or important such as a Word document, gift card, a PDF, etc.

Here are the top 4 dangerous file attachments to look out for…

ZIP and RAR archives – Cybercriminals like to use archives to hide the malware they are trying to send you! On Valentine’s Day this year attackers were sending out files named Love_You_0899 to people into clicking them and installing ransomware.

Microsoft Office documents – Word documents as well as Excel spreadsheets are some of the most popular Microsoft Office files cybercriminals love to use. Most of the time, they will target office workers and disguise the malware files as urgent messages, contracts or bills.

PDF files – A lot of people know about Microsoft Office booby traps, but not much about PDF files. Cybercriminals are fond of concealing malware in PDF files because it can be used to create and run JavaScript files as well as phishing links in the documents.

ISO and IMG disk images – These files are rarely used however lately cybercriminals have been using these files to spread malware. Attackers will use the disk images to deliver malware to a victim’s computer by putting a malicious executable file inside the image.

Do not be fooled by file attachments that seem to be an amazing offer, important PDF or urgent message!

Never open suspicious emails from email addresses you do not know and always use a the right security tools that will notify you of any dangerous files and notify you of them.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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What was the Silk Road and How Did it Work?

Perhaps one of the biggest, most popular stories involving the dark web, was the shutdown of Silk Road, an online black market that trafficked basically any illegal goods, from guns and drugs to private personal data and malware.

A few years ago, the mastermind behind the Silk Road, Ross William Ulbricht aka Dread Pirate Roberts, was arrested and sentenced to life in prison. He was convicted of seven drug and conspiracy charges, including drug trafficking, computer hacking and money laundering. Ross was also accused of soliciting multiple murders for hire.

Ross sent a letter to a U.S. District Judge prior to his sentencing, saying that he had made a “terrible mistake.” “In creating Silk Road, I ruined my life and destroyed my future,” he wrote.

First let’s get this out of the way; Ross William Ulbricht is extremely smart. I mean, it’s not that simple to build and maintain a secret internet site, on which criminals traded drugs and assassinations for years!

“People should have the right to buy and sell whatever they wanted so long as they weren’t hurting anyone else.” – This was Ross Ulbricht’s vision when he created the Silk Road.

After the closure of the infamous online drug bazaar, the underground industry suffered a major setback, and while Silk Road was over and done with, its shutdown has not stopped the use of illegal online markets for purchasing illegal drugs.

If anything, most people have learnt a crucial lesson from the Silk Road take down, and have come up with almost seal-proof underground sites. This unfortunate event has made it even harder for authorities and law enforcers to close down the illegal dark markets on the dark web.

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These new sites that have popped up after Silk Road are also part of a hive of illegal activities ranging from counterfeiting to pornography and gambling. This has made them perfect breeding grounds for illicit drugs trading.

Please be aware that the dark place is in fact a dangerous place, especially if you are not particularly a tech-savvy person. Do not go snooping on the dark web out of curiosity, well at least not without being properly prepared!

But, let’s get back to the story of Silk Road. How exactly do you manage to sell drugs and all sorts of illegal things online without getting caught for more than two years? Can you really buy a gun on the web as easily as you can buy something from Amazon?

Well, not exactly, but it wasn’t that hard thanks to Tor and bitcoins. Here’s how Silk Road worked before the law shut it down…

Ross operated Silk Road on Tor, which is a special network on the internet designed to make it impossible to physically locate the computers hosting or accessing the websites on the network.

If you try to navigate to the Silk Road URL on a normal browser, you will get an error. To view it you need to install Tor software on your browser, although you can’t try that now since the site has been seized.

So how did Ross Ulbricht get caught in the end? Tor said that he made some mistakes in operational security and was caught by actual detective work, rather than exploiting problems with Tor. The FBI managed to track him down in part thanks to an online post that linked to a Gmail account.

But how did Silk Road actually operate? Well, all you needed to do was install Tor, type in the Silk Road URL (you would need a username, password and country to sign up) and you would easily be inside.

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Once you enter Silk Road on the dark web it’s actually just like an illegal Amazon.com! You could shop by category, whether it be “Weapons” or “Illegal Substances”, or even look through the photos of the current inventory.

A customer service section presumably provided assistance when your batch of drugs were a bit late; there were also product listings with descriptions, seller information, reviews and the famous “add to cart” button.

Silk Road relied on the virtual bitcoin currency, like Tor, bitcoins are not actually illegal; however they are often used for criminal purposes.

So, you’ve paid for your illegal products online, but how do you actually get that package in the mail? Wouldn’t you get caught if your package contained drugs or weapons? The answer is yes, possibly! It was basically just a shot in the dark; some packages might be intercepted, while others arrive safely.

In the end, the ironic thing was that Ross Ulbricht was caught in part because he had counterfeit documents shipped to him, which were intercepted by customs and he was then arrested.

Do you want to learn more? “Deep Web” is a documentary that was made in 2015 that tells it all and unravels the tangled web of secrecy, accusations and criminal activity behind Silk Road and the arrest of Ross Ulbricht.

After many years the Silk Road story is still complicated and has many twists and turns!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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The Deep Web Vs. The Dark Web

You’ve heard the words before, but you don’t really know what they mean except that they sound scary. You think it’s a place where all the hackers lurk, but the truth is you’re not really sure.

Let’s clear the air on what each concept is and what you can find on them.

DEEP WEB

It’s almost irresistible to ignore that headline and not click on that unbelievable article, but the truth is it’s just bad actors doing a really good job at knowing what clickbait will tempt you. Should you click you’ll be redirected to where they want you to go, most of the time it’s to a fake login page where they can steal your information!

First of all you need to know that the deep web and the dark web are not the same thing, although they can sometimes overlap.

The deep web contains pages that are not indexed, meaning they will not pop up after a search on most search engines such as Google. These pages are basically invisible; unless you know the direct link or click on the link once you get in the deep side of the web.

Here are a few things you can find on the deep web:

- Personal email accounts
- Social media accounts
- Online banking accounts
- Businesses private databases
- Medical record
- Legal records

DARK WEB

The deep web is deep, but the dark web is even deeper. It is like the deep web meaning you cannot access it unless you know exactly where to go, however the dark web is more focused on illegal activities, products and services.

On the dark web you can expect to find some pretty gruesome things, including:

- A marketplace for illegal drugs and weapons
- Blueprints for 3D printing things, mostly illegal things
- WikiLeaks documents
- Abuse videos (children, animals, etc.)
- Child pornography content
- Marketplace for hiring hitmen
- Snuff films and “red rooms” – these are often said to be urban legend
- Recipes on how to eat and cook human meat

Watch this video to learn more about what horrific things can be found on the dark web here!

Please be aware that the dark place is in fact a dangerous place, especially if you are not particularly a tech-savvy person. Do not go snooping on the dark web out of curiosity, well at least not without being properly prepared!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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The Seven Worst Social Media Scams

Cyber criminals are everywhere, they’re even terrorizing your social media news feed!

In this day and age your personal information such as where you go, what you do, who you chat to and what you like can be used as valuable data by cyber criminals. These cyber criminals will sell your private data to people who will use it to target ads, launch campaigns and other malicious operations.

You may be thinking to yourself, I’m only one person; no one is going to target me. Well, you’re very wrong! Should you fall victim to a social media scam it not only affects you, it affects your entire network of friends and contacts.

Make sure you know these common social media scams and avoid them as best you can…

1. Quizzes, Surveys & Contests. These scams are cute enough to make you think they’re completely innocent. And while you might think it’s all fun and games when they ask you your mothers date of birth or maiden name so you can see what Game of Thrones character you are, they are in fact getting information about you and your loved ones – do not click on these!

2. Clickbait. It’s almost irresistible to ignore that headline and not click on that unbelievable article, but the truth is it’s just bad actors doing a really good job at knowing what clickbait will tempt you. Should you click you’ll be redirected to where they want you to go, most of the time it’s to a fake login page where they can steal your information!

3. Cash Requests. Someone you know is desperately asking for money be aware that it could be someone who has hacked into their account and is not spamming every one of their friends, asking for money. Always double check with your friend if you receive a request for money on a social media website.

4. Short URLs. They save space, but criminals on social media sites are using these shortened URLs to trick you into clicking them and spreading virus, malware and so much more! Before you click on anything, check on http://www.checkshorturl.com/ to ensure it will take you to the official website.

5. Suspicious Friend Requests. This one is obvious, but whenever someone sends you a friend request always ask yourself, why? If you can’t think of a reason rather ignore the friend request. In today’s digital world, you can never trust the kindness of strangers, especially those on social media.

6. Double friend Requests. You have probably experienced this one before, you received a friend requests from a friend you already have and justify it as their new profile or a mishap and accept the request. Well, it’s not your friend; it’s a cybercriminal hoping you let them in!

7. Fake Emergencies. These “emergencies” will seem to be from a friend or the social media site itself informing you of something critically important on your account. Cyber criminals are hoping you’ll be a panicked state and enter your login details, giving them access to your private information. Never trust links within messages, posts, or emails.

The good news for you is that these scams are easy to spot and avoid, the bad news is that millions of users who are not tech-savvy will be innocent enough to fall for them!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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The Three Major Risks when Borrowing Money Online

On the internet everything is easy, from ordering takeaways to paying your bills. However the stakes become a little higher when you’re looking to apply for a loan.

When it comes to a personal loan, you need to provide private information to someone you might not even know, so you have to be sure to be completely safe online, especially when you’re thinking of loaning a large amount of money.

What are the risks when it comes to borrowing money online?

Here are the three major risks that you could be facing if you do not look out for the red flags when borrowing money online:

LOSING MONEY

This is the most obvious risk. Fake loan providers will easy set up a fake business, promise you the world and then charge you fake fees to approve your loan. In the end you don’t ever get what you paid for.

PAYING TOO MUCH

Even if you do end up getting a legitimate loan, you may end up paying an arm and a leg to a bad loan provider. A loan provider that is reputable will give you a reasonable price for a loan at fixed prices.

IDENTITY THEFT

This will happen to you if you give out your private information to a fake loan provider that is actually looking to steal your identity. You may be asked to go to a fake website and fill in your personal information such as ID number, date of birth, address, etc.

Overall you could be simply wasting your time and effort trying to borrow from a fake loan provider!

Read a previous article called Don’t become the next victim of a personal loan scam! and empower yourself with knowledge.

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Don’t become the next Victim of a Personal Loan Scam!

When you’re stuck in a situation where you can’t pay medical bills or your car needs repairs that aren’t covered by your insurance, a personal loan might be an easy answer to all your problems.

However, you always need to be wary when it comes to personal loan scams; luckily there are a few red flags to look out for to help you spot the fakes and frauds!

Here are the 8 signs of a personal loan scam…

1. There’s no credit check. All legitimate personal loan lenders will do a credit check before to ensure that you can repay the money. A scammer will not be interested in your credit score because they’re typically after your personal information instead.

2. The personal loan lender isn’t registered. In South Africa, as well as most other places, you have to register to be a loan provider. If you search for a loan provider or business and find they are not registered, you’ve probably found a fraudulent website!

3. The loan offer isn’t complete. All loan lenders need to complete all the terms of a loan, this includes the final costs and the interest. If the offer you are signing for has the bare minimal information, spelling mistakes, grammar errors and just looks a little suspicious, it’s probably a scam.

4. There’s no physical address. If you cannot find any contact information or you can’t find their physical address then be aware that this personal loan is probably a scam. All scammers will make it as hard as possible for anyone to get in touch with them later to avoid legal action!

5. You must act now before the offer expires. The offer is urgent and you need to sign for the loan before it expires – this is most definitely a scam! All legitimate loan providers will have a steady rate, while scammers will fool you into acting quickly without reading the fine print.

6. You need to pay upfront. Any loans that demand you to pay certain fees for “processing” or “insurance” are scams. Any loan provider that asks you for payment before to process your application is just a scammer looking to take advantage of situations when people desperately need money.

7. Guaranteed approval. It is impossible that you will always be guaranteed approval of a loan, there is no such thing as a guaranteed personal loan. A legitimate loan provider will first have to check your credit as well as your information before the loan is guaranteed.

8. Payment in the form of cash or a gift card. A loan scammer will try to get you to pay them in a way that is untraceable, such as with cash or in the form of a gift card. No legitimate loan provider will request you to pay like this and if they pressure you to do so it is probably a scam!

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Are You Dating an Online Scammer

Dating scams cost unsuspecting people money as well as heartache each and every year, but still people continue to fall for the tricks and so online dating scams continue to rise.

These cybercriminals will play a long game to cheat you out of your money, rather than using a simple phishing email or scam. If you are using an online dating app or chatting on social media, please be aware that these cybercriminals do exist and you could even dating one!

Be sure to look out for these signs to tell if the person you’re dating online is actually a scammer!

1. Suspicious Profile

A typical scammers dating profile will have only a few images that have been posted recently. Most often these images are model or glamour stock photos. They’re looking for singles in your area, but they work or live in another country. Be wary if the profile has limited information and only one or two photos.

2. Moving the Conversation

Online dating scammers will try their best to move the conversation to another form of messaging such as Skype, Facebook, WhatsApp or SMS. If they try and take the conversation elsewhere – be on alert!

3. Professing their Love

You’ve just started chatting and they profess their love for you and gush about the deep emotional connection you have. This is all a way to emotional manipulate you, especially if you are feeling isolated and vulnerable at the time. Always lookout for those who are overly flattering in the early stages of the communication.

4. Something always comes up

A common line used by scammers is planning to meet up with you but then an unexpected issue always comes up just before it happens. Because they can’t meet up with you, this might even be one of the first reasons they ask you for money, perhaps they’ll lie and say they don’t have money for a plane ticket or to travel.

5. Avoiding Video Chat

Did you know that the majority of online dating scams go back to those living in Nigeria? So they may avoid phone calls or voice chats because their accents and appearance will give them away. No matter where they are from, someone scamming you will be using fake photos so they will always make excuses not to video chat. Do not be fooled by someone who says they love you and then blames shyness for not wanted to communicate over video.

6. Requesting Money

The ultimate goal that an online dating scammer has is to rob you of your money, so there are a range of scenarios they will make up. Some of the most popular include: a sick family member or emergency, health issues and travel problems. You are definitely the target of a scam if you ever get any kind of financial request!

7. Assisting with Financial Transactions

A newer kind of online dating scam is turning the victim into a money mule or money laundering accomplice! Be on full alert if you are ever asked to do any kind of financial transaction or exchange, they would possibly be luring you into doing something illegal. If you choose to date online, please be sure to take the right measures to protect yourself and overall just use your common sense.

7. Assisting with Financial Transactions

A newer kind of online dating scam is turning the victim into a money mule or money laundering accomplice! Be on full alert if you are ever asked to do any kind of financial transaction or exchange, they would possibly be luring you into doing something illegal.

If you choose to date online, please be sure to take the right measures to protect yourself and overall just use your common sense.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Why does Social Media Intelligence Matter?

Do you know what social media intelligence is? Well to put it simply, it is the collection, curation and overall analysis of data found online in order to provide a look into the actions and habits of a certain individual or group.

In a time where most of the people in the world are on social media networks, social media intelligence can be used to learn a lot by just studying what they do online.

Here are some interesting social media facts and stats:

- The top eight social media networks are Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Snapchat, Twitter, WhatsApp and YouTube.

- Did you know that more than half of the public use social media at least once a day?

- YouTube is the most popular social media sharing website.

- Facebook is the most popular social media sharing website – used by almost 70% of adults!

- Social media use is higher for those who are younger – almost 90% of users are 18-29 years old.

So why does social media intelligence and evidence found on social media matter?

Every single day a huge amount of information and data is created on social media networks, and social media intelligence is there to study and understand the behaviour of those who are online.

Social media intelligence is a way for professional digital forensics experts to gather, interpret and understand data that is found online, this is especially important in social media investigations.

It is important to note that social media evidence can be deleted, changed and locked down by certain privacy settings. That is why it takes a professional to preserve the online evidence so it is admissible in an official court of law.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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Always Think Before You Hit Send!

Did you know that your SMSs, WhatsApp or social network inbox messages can be used as evidence against ? Well, for those who are possibly heading towards a divorce or a nasty breakup need to be extra careful about sending messages! Because of all the advancements in the area of digital forensics, including social media investigations and cellular forensics, there has been a massive spike in cases that use evidence found on digital devices such as smartphones and computers.

Many people send messages without even thinking twice, this is known as “spontaneous venting”, however it can come back to hurt you, so always rethink what you’re saying before you hit send…

When it comes to evidence in a divorce, usually a nasty one, things such as SMSs, WhatsApp messages and other direct messages are most commonly used as well as emails, phone numbers, GPS locations and search history.

Most divorce lawyers will tell their clients to stay off social media platforms and avoid sending nasty messages and posting unnecessary statuses, the sad thing is that most of these clients choose not to follow this vital advice!

Anything that is in writing, you have to assume that someday a judge is going to see it. So, if it is not something that you don’t want a judge to see – don’t hit the send button!

You can always erase your messages, but that doesn’t mean they’re gone forever…

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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How Digital Forensics Investigators Gather Evidence and Solve Crimes Using Social Media

Social media can be a great tool to document our daily lives, and when it comes to solving crimes, law enforcement officials and digital investigators view it as a valuable tool, too.

*What is SmInt?

Social Media Intelligence is the use of information stored within social media platforms to further the knowledge of a person, group or incident. Often this information is available unbeknownst to the user. While the information is not accessible at the click of a button it can be uncovered with queries and structured data calls.* A survey showed that majority use social media for several reasons:

1. Identifying people
2. Gathering evidence
3. Discovering criminal activity and locations
4. Community outreach
5. Soliciting crime tips
6. Notifying the public
7. Recruitment

People put a great amount of personal, detailed information online. Targets even brag and post illicit valuable information in reference to travel, hobbies, places visited, functions, appointments, circle of friends, family members, relationships, actions, etc.

The networks most used by law enforcement officials and digital forensics investigators:

- Facebook
- Twitter
- Instagram
- Youtube

Some social media platforms can reveal more information than others.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.

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What You Need to Know About Our OSINT Services

What is OsInt?

Open Source Intelligence refers to the use of publicly accessible information as well as databases to collect information in a structured manner. Information is gained from Public and Private Databases, the surface web, the deep web and the dark web Who uses OsInt?

OsInt is used by private and forensic investigators, attorneys, law enforcement, intelligence organisations, fraud investigators, human resources professionals, tracing agents and commercial enterprises. It is a key component of performing due diligence studies on persons and businesses.

What is SmInt?

Social Media Intelligence is the use of information stored within social media platforms to further the knowledge of a person, group or incident. Often this information is available unbeknownst to the user. While the information is not accessible at the click of a button it can be uncovered with queries and structured data calls.

Is OsInt software?

No, OsInt and SmInt are processes. These processes often use software for recording the process or information uncovered but they remain human processes. Analysis of data still vests with a human being and not an algorithm.

How technical is it?

There are different levels of OsInt ability, from a basic researcher to programmers and analysts. A good degree of computer literacy is essential as is an understanding of the internet and investigative methodology. Can't someone just share their tools with me?

They could, but that would only provide a tool. Much like giving someone who can drive a 250 ton crane driver won't make them a crane operator. OsInt requires a structured investigative approach and an understanding of how the results and pivots meet. This requires hands-on training.

Is this training available online?

We don't provide online training. OsInt as a skill/ ability requires hands-on practice and lab environments in order to develop best practices. Each countries level of data availability differs substantially as do privacy laws between jurisdictions. As such, you need someone experienced to guide you.

Is this training expensive?

Comparatively, no. A level 1 OsInt/SmInt course will cost around R2000-2500 per delegate, per day. This is well priced in the commercial training sector as the skills required for teaching OsInt are scarce and in high demand.

Do you actively practice or only teach?

Our company is an active Digital Forensics practice and as such all trainers are experienced and use their skills daily in the furtherance of their job functions. We train from a perspective of experience coupled with theoretical knowledge.

What can you DO with OsInt?

Our practice is a Digital Forensics lab environment. As such we use OsInt for profiling suspects in civil and criminal matters, tracing people, locating digital evidence, analysing and verifying digital information, providing expert witness testimony in court and of course Due Diligence investigations.

Is group training available?

Yes, we do provide group training on request (minimum 5 people). Costs are dependent on the location, travel expenses, etc.

Is one-on-one training possible?

At this stage we do not provide one-on-one training but are always open to discussion.

Is OsInt legal?

Absolutely, it's key to learn the laws around data privacy and to ensure that you're working within them at all times.

Is this course SAQA Accredited?

At this point no, we are however in the process of accrediting our training material with SAQA and will advise once this is complete. As a 40 hour course curriculum with specific outcomes we do not anticipate too many glitches with achieving this.

Who are your course instructors?

Our course instructors are chosen based on their proven OsInt/SmInt experience as well as their ability to present and impart knowledge. The majority of our instructors have a policing background as well as commercial experience. Some of the instructor crew are chosen for presentation of specific modules in which they hold strong credentials and expertise.

Do you employ OsInt Analysts and Researchers?

Yes, we certainly do. Positions are advertised on this site as well as on our Facebook page as they become available.

Should you have any questions or queries about OsInt and our services – Please contact us immediately on 021 110 0422 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., we'll contact you. You can also navigate to our Report a Scam page and fill in the form so we can assist you as well as help others.